Deutsch Intern
Institute for Clinical Epidemiology and Biometry

PD Dr. Michael Schuler

Prof. Dr. phil. habil. Michael Schuler (Dipl.-Psych.)

Phone:   +49 (0)931 /31 80488
Fax: +49 (0)931 /31 840880
E-Mail: m.schuler@uni-wuerzburg.de


short CV

since 2019 Research Associate, Institute of Clinical Epidemiology and Biometry, University Würzburg
2006-2019    Research Associate, Abteilung Medizinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie, Medizinische Soziologie und Rehabilitationswissenschaften, University Würzburg
2019 Habilitation
2016-2019 Clinical psychologist Universitätsklinikum Würzburg
2014 Promotion Dr. phil. (summa cum laude) at the Univ. Freiburg
since 2006 Training as Psychological Psychotherapist
2006-2016 Lecturer for Psychology at the Vocational School for Speech Therapy Würzburg (Part-time)
2004-2006 Method-Consult
1996-2004 Studies of psychology at the University of Heidelberg


Research intrests


Evaluation of existing and development of new forms of care for patients with chronic diseases, psychological aspects of chronic diseases, development and psychometric testing of Patient Reported Outcome Measures




Main Publications in recent years

2022[ to top ]
  • Hayden MC, Schwarzl G, Limbach M, Mitrea S, Schuler M, Nowak D, Schultz K. Negative association between fatigue and signs of sleep apnoea in patients after COVID-19. ERJ Open Res. 2022;8(4).
  • Hayden M, Limbach M, Schuler M, Schwarzl G, Merkl S, Botosch K, Nowak D, Schultz K. Patient-reported outcome measures 3 and 6 months after pulmonary rehabilitation following COVID-19. European Respiratory Journal [Internet]. 2022;60(suppl 66):1853. Available from: http://erj.ersjournals.com/content/60/suppl_66/1853.abstract
  • Jírů-Hillmann S, Gabriel KMA, Schuler M, Wiedmann S, Mühler J, Dötter K, Soda H, Rascher A, Benesch S, Kraft P, Pfau M, Stenzel J, von Nippold K, Benghebrid M, Schulte K, Meinck R, Volkmann J, Haeusler KG, Heuschmann PU. Experiences of family caregivers 3-months after stroke: results of the prospective trans-regional network for stroke intervention with telemedicine registry (TRANSIT-Stroke). BMC Geriatrics [Internet]. 2022;22(1):228. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-022-02919-6
2021[ to top ]
  • Meng K, Heß V, Schulte T, Faller H, Schuler M. Health literacy bei onkologischen Rehabilitanden und deren Relevanz für den subjektiven Rehabilitationsverlauf [The Impact of Health literacy on Health Outcomes in Cancer Patients Attending Inpatient Rehabilitation]. Die Rehabilitation. 2021;60(02):102-9.
  • Heß V, Meng K, Schulte T, Neuderth S, Bengel J, Jentschke E, Zoll M, Faller H, Schuler M. Unexpressed psychosocial needs in cancer patients at the beginning of inpatient rehabilitation: a qualitative analysis. Journal of Psychosocial Oncology [Internet]. 2021;39(2):173-88. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/07347332.2020.1819931
  • Böckmann D, Szentes BL, Schultz K, Nowak D, Schuler M, Schwarzkopf L. Cost-Effectiveness of Pulmonary Rehabilitation in Patients With Bronchial Asthma: An Analysis of the EPRA Randomized Controlled Trial. Value Health. 2021;24(9):1254-62.
  • Carl JA, Geidl W, Schuler M, Mino E, Lehbert N, Wittmann M, Schultz K, Pfeifer K. Towards a better understanding of physical activity in people with COPD: predicting physical activity after pulmonary rehabilitation using an integrative competence model. Chronic Respiratory Disease [Internet]. 2021;18:1479973121994781. Available from: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1479973121994781
  • Eichner FA, Reis JM, Dores J, Pavlovic V, Kreß L, Daneshkhah N, Weinhardt R, Grau A, Mühler J, Soda H, Schwarzbach CJ, Schuler M, Häusler KG, Heuschmann PU. Cross-sectional study on patients’ understanding and views of the informed consent procedure of a secondary stroke prevention trial. European Journal of Neurology [Internet]. 2021;28(8):2639-47. Available from: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/ene.14917
  • Geidl W, Carl J, Schuler M, Mino E, Lehbert N, Wittmann M, Pfeifer K, Schultz K. Long-Term Benefits of Adding a Pedometer to Pulmonary Rehabilitation for COPD: The Randomized Controlled STAR Trial. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2021;16:1977-88.
  • Hayden MC, Limbach M, Schuler M, Merkl S, Schwarzl G, Jakab K, Nowak D, Schultz K. Effectiveness of a Three-Week Inpatient Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program for Patients after COVID-19: A Prospective Observational Study. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021;18(17).
  • Hayden M, Limbach M, Schuler M, Merkl S, Schwarzl G, Jakab K, Nowak D, Schultz K. Short-term Effects of a Three-week Inpatient Post-COVID-19 Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program - a Prospective Observational Study. PREPRINT (Version 1) available at Research Square [https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-578230/v1]; 2021.
  • Limbach M, Hayden M, Nowak D, Schwarzl G, Merkl S, Schuler M, Schultz K. Pneumologische Rehabilitation bei Post-Covid-19-Patienten: Erfahrungen und Kurzzeitbehandlungsergebnisse. Pneumologie. 2021;75(S 01):S51.
  • Schwarzl G, Hayden M, Limbach M, Merkl S, Jakab K, Botosch K, Schuler M, Nowak D, Schultz K. Increased rates of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in COVID-19-patients. European Respiratory Journal. 2021;58(suppl 65):PA2081.
  • Heß V, Meng K, Schulte T, Neuderth S, Bengel J, Faller H, Schuler M. Decreased mental health, quality of life, and utilization of professional help in cancer patients with unexpressed needs: A longitudinal analysis. Psycho-Oncology [Internet]. 2021;31(5):725-34. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1002/pon.5856
  • Merkl S, Limbach M, Hayden M, Schwarzl G, Nowak D, Schuler M, Schultz K. Wirksamkeit von Inspirationsmuskeltraining in der pneumologischen Rehabilitation bei Post-Covid-19-Patienten. Pneumologie. 2021;75(S 01):P737.
  • Schmid B, Schulz SM, Schuler M, Göpfert D, Hein G, Heuschmann P, Wurmb T, Pauli P, Meybohm P, Rittner HL. Impaired psychological well-being of healthcare workers in a German department of anesthesiology is independent of immediate SARS-CoV-2 exposure - a longitudinal observational study. Ger Med Sci. 2021;19:Doc11.
  • Schultz K, Schwarzkopf L, Szentes B, Nowak D, Schuler M. Reduzierte Exazerbationsraten 3 Monate und 1 Jahr nach pneumologischer Rehabilitation bei Patienten mit nicht kontrolliertem Asthma–Sekundäranalyse der EPRA-RCT. Pneumologie. 2021;75(S 01):S8-S9.
  • Schultz K, Limbach M, Schuler M, Carl J, Pfeifer K, Geidl W. Die Zunahme der körperlichen Aktivität (physical activity) 6 Wochen nach einer stationären pneumologischen Rehabilitation bei COPD-Patienten korreliert mit einer Verbesserung der Lebensqualität. Pneumologie. 2021;75(S 01):S7.
  • Schultz K, Wittmann M, Wagner R, Lehbert N, Schwarzkopf L, Szentes B, Nowak D, Faller H, Schuler M. In-Patient Pulmonary Rehabilitation to Improve Asthma Control–A Randomized Controlled Study (EPRA, Effectiveness of Pulmonary Rehabilitation for Patients with Asthma). Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2021;118(3):23-30.
  • Schultz K, Schuler M. Sozialmedizinischer Status von COPD Patienten 12 Monate nach stationärer Rehabilitation. Pneumologie. 2021;75(S 01):S41.
  • Schwarzl G, Hayden M, Limbach M, Merkl S, Jakab K, Botosch K, Schuler M, Nowak D, Schultz K. Obstruktive Schlafapnoe (OSA) bei Patienten in pneumologischer Rehabilitation nach COVID-19. Pneumologie. 2021;75(S 01):FV664.
2020[ to top ]
  • Ebert F, Schuler M, Nowak D, Schwarzkopf L, Szentes B, Schultz K. Does pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) affect dysfunctional breathing (DB) in asthmatics?. European Respiratory Journal. 2020;56(suppl 64):2939.
  • Heß V, Meng K, Schulte T, Neuderth S, Bengel J, Faller H, Schuler M. Prevalence and predictors of cancer patients’ unexpressed needs in the admission interview of inpatient rehabilitation. Psycho-Oncology [Internet]. 2020;29(10):1549-56. Available from: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/pon.5450
  • Zetzl T, Mann D, Gruner S, Schuler M, Jentschke E, Neuderth S, Roch C, van Oorschot B. Question prompts to empower cancer patients: results of a randomized controlled trial. Supportive Care in Cancer [Internet]. 2020;28(6):2571-9. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-019-05036-0
  • Szentes BL, Schultz K, Nowak D, Schuler M, Schwarzkopf L. How does the EQ-5D-5L perform in asthma patients compared with an asthma-specific quality of life questionnaire?. BMC Pulmonary Medicine [Internet]. 2020;20(1):168. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12890-020-01205-8
  • Schwartz U, Llamazares M, Pohl S, Richter M, Schuler M, Keller C, Mijosek V, Muley T, Quast K, Hey J, Heußel CP, Warth A, Petrosino G, Tamas R, Weichenhan D, Brors B, Benes V, Hearth F, Wyatt D, Stahl H, Plass C, Jurkowska R. Combined genome-wide transcriptomic and epigenetic profiling across disease stages identifies novel regulators of COPD in human lung fibroblasts. European Respiratory Journal. 2020;56(suppl 64):2587.
2019[ to top ]
  • Schuler M, Murauer K, Stangl S, Grau A, Gabriel K, Podger L, Heuschmann PU, Faller H. Pre-post changes in main outcomes of medical rehabilitation in Germany: protocol of a systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant and aggregated data. BMJ Open. 2019;9(5):e023826.
  • Alma HJ, de Jong C, Jelusic D, Wittmann M, Schuler M, Sanderman R, Schultz K, Kocks J, van der Molen T. Thresholds for clinically important deterioration versus improvement in COPD health status: results from a randomised controlled trial in pulmonary rehabilitation and an observational study during routine clinical practice. BMJ Open. 2019;9(6):e025776.
  • Alma H, de Jong C, Jelusic D, Wittmann M, Schuler M, Kollen B, Sanderman R, Kocks J, Schultz K, van der Molen T. Baseline health status and setting impacted minimal clinically important differences in COPD: an exploratory study. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology [Internet]. 2019;116:49-61. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0895435618309922
  • Bethge M, Markus M, Streibelt M, Gerlich C, Schuler M. Effects of nationwide implementation of work-related medical rehabilitation in Germany: propensity score matched analysis. Occupational and Environmental Medicine [Internet]. 2019;76(12):913. Available from: http://oem.bmj.com/content/76/12/913.abstract
  • Achstetter LI, Schultz K, Faller H, Schuler M. Leventhal’s common-sense model and asthma control: Do illness representations predict success of an asthma rehabilitation?. Journal of Health Psychology [Internet]. 2019;24(3):327-36. Available from: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1359105316651332
  • Sindlinger K, Meng K, Dorn M, Faller H, Schuler M. Illness representations, pain and physical function in patients with rheumatic disorders: between- and within-person associations. Psychology & Health [Internet]. 2019;34(2):200-15. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2018.1523406
  • Reijnders T, Schuler M, Wittmann M, Jelusic D, Troosters T, Janssens W, Stenzel NM, Schultz K, von Leupoldt A. The impact of disease-specific fears on outcome measures of pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with COPD. Respiratory Medicine [Internet]. 2019;146:87-95. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0954611118303883
  • Schultz K, Wittmann M, Wagner R, Lehbert N, Schwarzkopf L, Szentes B, Nowak D, Faller H, Schuler M. EPRA-RCT: Effektivität pneumologischer Rehabilitation bei Asthma. Vols. 73. 2019.
  • Schultz K, Wittmann M, Lehbert N, Schwarzkopf L, Szentes B, Nowak D, Faller H, Schuler M. Asthma control (AC) and Quality of life (QoL) one year after Pulmonary Rehabilitation (PR). European Respiratory Journal. 2019;54(suppl 63):PA513.
  • Zetzl T, Schuler M, Renner A, Jentschke E, van Oorschot B. Yoga intervention and reminder e-mails for reducing cancer-related fatigue - a study protocol of a randomized controlled trial. BMC Psychology [Internet]. 2019;7(1):64. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40359-019-0339-3
2018[ to top ]
  • Schuler M, Wittmann M, Faller H, Schultz K. Including changes in dyspnea after inpatient rehabilitation improves prediction models of exacerbations in COPD. Respiratory Medicine [Internet]. 2018;141:87-93. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0954611118302257
  • Schuler M, Wittmann M, Faller H, Schultz K. The interrelations among aspects of dyspnea and symptoms of depression in COPD patients – a network analysis. Journal of Affective Disorders [Internet]. 2018;240:33-40. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0165032718307651
  • Schuler M, Strohmayer M, Mühlig S, Schwaighofer B, Wittmann M, Faller H, Schultz K. Assessment of depression before and after inpatient rehabilitation in COPD patients: Psychometric properties of the German version of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9/PHQ-2). Journal of Affective Disorders [Internet]. 2018;232:268-75. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0165032717324291
  • Schultz K, Jelusic D, Wittmann M, Krämer B, Huber V, Fuchs S, Lehbert N, Wingart S, Stojanovic D, Göhl O, Alma HJ, de Jong C, van der Molen T, Faller H, Schuler M. Inspiratory muscle training does not improve clinical outcomes in 3-week COPD rehabilitation: results from a randomised controlled trial. European Respiratory Journal [Internet]. 2018;51(1):1702000. Available from: https://erj.ersjournals.com/content/erj/51/1/1702000.full.pdf
  • Lingner H, Schmidt K, Aumann-Suslin I, Wittmann M, Schuler M, Schultz K. Reha-Komponenten im Patientenfokus – Sekundärdatenauswertung der Befragungen von COPD- und Asthma-Rehabilitanden. Zeitschrift für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität im Gesundheitswesen [Internet]. 2018;135-136:41-9. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1865921718300618
  • Alma HJ, de Jong C, Jelusic D, Wittmann M, Schuler M, Kollen BJ, Sanderman R, Schultz K, Kocks JWH, Van der Molen T. Assessing health status over time: impact of recall period and anchor question on the minimal clinically important difference of copd health status tools. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes [Internet]. 2018;16(1):130. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12955-018-0950-7
  • Heß V, Schuler M, Meng K, Schulte T, Bengel J, Faller H. Psychosoziale Bedürfnisse und Belastungen bei onkologischen Rehabilitanden: Warum werden sie im Aufnahmegespräch nicht geäußert bzw. erkannt?. Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol. 2018;68(08):e44.
  • Bethge M, Markus M, Streibelt M, Gerlich C, Schuler M. Implementing the German Model of Work-Related Medical Rehabilitation: Did the Delivered Dose of Work-Related Treatment Components Increase?. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation [Internet]. 2018;99(12):2465-71. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003999318304441
  • Reijnders T, Schuler M, Jelusic D, Troosters T, Janssens W, Schultz K, von Leupoldt A. The Impact of Loneliness on Outcomes of Pulmonary Rehabilitation in Patients with COPD. COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease [Internet]. 2018;15(5):446-53. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/15412555.2018.1471128